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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/5396

Title: Dynamic processes in a silicate liquid from above melting to below the glass transition
Other Titles: Journal of Chemical Physics
Authors: Nascimento, Marcio Luis Ferreira
Fokin, Vladimir Mihailovich
Zanotto, Edgar Dutra
Abyzov, Alexander S.
Issue Date: 2011
Abstract: We collect and critically analyze extensive literature data, including our own, on three important kinetic processes—viscous flow, crystal nucleation, and growth—in lithium disilicate (Li2O· 2SiO2) over a wide temperature range, from above Tm to 0.98Tg where Tg ≈ 727 K is the calorimetric glass transition temperature and Tm =1307 K, which is the melting point.We found that crystal growthmediated by screw dislocations is the most likely growth mechanism in this system. We then calculated the diffusion coefficients controlling crystal growth, DU eff , and completed the analyses by looking at the ionic diffusion coefficients of Li+1, O2−, and Si4+ estimated from experiments and molecular dynamic simulations. These values were then employed to estimate the effective volume diffusion coefficients, DV eff , resulting from their combination within a hypothetical Li2Si2O5 “molecule”. The similarity of the temperature dependencies of 1/η, where η is shear viscosity, and DV eff corroborates the validity of the Stokes-Einstein/Eyring equation (SEE) at high temperatures around Tm. Using the equality of DV eff and Dη eff , we estimated the jump distance λ ∼ 2.70 Å from the SEE equation and showed that the values of DU eff have the same temperature dependence but exceed Dη eff by about eightfold. The difference between Dη eff and DU eff indicates that the former determines the process of mass transport in the bulk whereas the latter relates to the mobility of the structural units on the crystal/ liquid interface.We then employed the values of η(T) reduced by eightfold to calculate the growth rates U(T). The resultant U(T) curve is consistent with experimental data until the temperature decreases to a decoupling temperature T U d ≈ 1.1 − 1.2Tg, when Dη eff begins decrease with decreasing temperature faster than DU eff . A similar decoupling occurs between Dη eff and Dτ eff (estimated from nucleation time-lags) but at a lower temperatureT τ d ≈ Tg. For T > Tg the values of Dτ eff exceed Dη eff only by twofold. The different behaviors of Dτ eff (T ) and DU eff (T ) are likely caused by differences in the mechanisms of critical nuclei formation. Therefore, we have shown that at low undercoolings, viscosity data can be employed for quantitative analyses of crystal growth rates, but in the deeply supercooled liquid state, mass transport for crystal nucleation and growth are not controlled by viscosity.
Description: 18 p.
URI: http://www.repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/5396
ISSN: 1089-7690
Appears in Collections:Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (IHAC)

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