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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/6599

Title: Social inequality and alcohol consumption-abuse in Bahia, Brazil: Interactions of gender, ethnicity and social class
Other Titles: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Authors: Almeida Filho, Naomar Monteiro de
Lessa, Ines
Magalhães, Lucélia
Araujo, Maria Jenny Silva
Aquino, Estela Maria Motta Lima Leão de
James, Sherman A.
Kawachi, Ichiro
Keywords: alcohol abuse;alcohol consumption;social class;gender;race-ethnicity;inequality
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Abstract: Background This paper reports findings on Alcohol Consumption-Abuse (ACAb) in Bahia, Brazil, a research setting characterized by racial/ethnic and socioeconomic diversity.Methods A household survey was conducted with a sample of 2,302 adults.ACAb was defined as daily intake of more than two units of beverage, with drunkenness, or weekly binge drinking plus episodes of drunkenness, or any use of alcoholic beverages with frequent drunkenness,with failed attempts to stop drinking. Results The rate of 12-month prevalence was 7%, with an overall male:female ratio of 6:1.A positive association of ACAb prevalence with education and social class was found. Male gender and higher socioeconomic status were associated with increased odds of ACAb.No relationship was found between ethnicity and ACAb. Stratified analysis yielded consistent gender effects, throughout all strata of independent variables. A strong interaction of gender (male) and social class (upper class) was found for Mulattos and Morenos (maximum Prevalence rate = 9.04). Conclusion Interaction patterns found defy simple generalizations based on class, ethnicity, and gender considered alone.
Description: Trabalho completo: acesso restrito, p. 214–222
URI: http://www.repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/6599
ISSN: 0933-7954
Appears in Collections:Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (ICS)

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