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|Title: ||An on-line pre-concentration system for determination of cadmium in drinking water using FAAS|
|Other Titles: ||Journal of Hazardous Materials|
|Authors: ||Santos, Walter Nei Lopes dos|
Costa, Jorge L. O.
Araujo, Rennan Geovanny Oliveira
Jesus, Djane S. de
Costa, Antonio Celso Spinola
|Keywords: ||Cadmium determination;Drinking water;FAAS;Pre-concentration|
|Issue Date: ||2006|
|Publisher: ||Journal of Hazardous Materials|
|Abstract: ||In the present paper, a minicolumn of polyurethane foam loaded with 4-(2-pyridylazo)-resorcinol (PAR) is proposed as pre-concentration system for cadmium determination in drinking water samples by flame atomic absorption spectrometry.
The optimization step was performed using two-level full factorial design and Doehlert matrix, involving the variables: sampling flow rate, elution concentration, buffer concentration and pH.
Using the established experimental conditions in the optimization step of: pH 8.2, sampling flow rate 8.5 mL min−1, buffer concentration 0.05 mol L−1 and elution concentration of 1.0 mol L−1, this system allows the determination of cadmium with detection limit (LD) (3σ/S) of 20.0 ng L−1 and quantification limit (LQ) (10σ/S) of 64 ng L−1, precision expressed as relative standard deviation (R.S.D.) of 5.0 and 4.7% for cadmium concentration of 5.0 and 40.0 μg L−1, respectively, and a pre-concentration factor of 158 for a sample volume of 20.0 mL. The accuracy was confirmed by cadmium determination in the standard reference material, NIST SRM 1643d trace elements in natural water.
This procedure was applied for cadmium determination in drinking water samples collected from Salvador City, Bahia, Brazil. For five samples analyzed, the achieved concentrations varied from 0.31 to 0.86 μg L−1.|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (Quimica)|
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