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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/6090

Title: Prevalence and Risk of Blood-Borne and Sexually Transmitted Viral Infections in Incarcerated Youth in Salvador, Brazil: Opportunity and Obligation for Intervention
Authors: Fialho, Margaret
Messias, Márcia
Page-Shafer, Kimberly
Farré, Lourdes
Schmalb, Márcia
Pedral-Sampaio, Diana
Ramos, Mauro
Brites, Carlos
Keywords: Sexually transmitted infections;HIV;STI;Incarcerated youth;Brazil;Blood-borne infections
Issue Date: 2008
Abstract: To determine the prevalence of sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections among incarcerated adolescents in Salvador, Brazil, we interviewed 300 incarcerated youth aged 11–18 years to participate in a physical examination and to provide a blood sample to test for HIV-1, hepatitis B and C viruses exposure, human T-cells lymphotrophic virus, and syphilis. Overall prevalence was anti-HIV, 0.34%; anti-HBc, 11.1%; HBsAg, 2.4%; anti-HCV, 6.4%; HTLV, 1.09%; and syphilis, 3.4%. The majority (86.3%) reported a history of sexual activity; 27% had never used condoms. Girls also reported previous pregnancy (35%), abortion (26%) and sexual abuse (74%). Many youth reported a family history of alcohol abuse (56%), illicit drug use (24.7%), or legal problems (38%). Serological results show that youth in Salvador are at high risk for blood-borne and sexually transmitted infections. Policies to reduce the risk and impact of these infections should be a requisite part of health care for incarcerated youth.
Description: Acesso restrito: Texto completo. p. S17-S24
URI: http://www.repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/6090
ISSN: 1090-7165
Appears in Collections:Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (Medicina)

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