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|Title: ||Prevalence and Risk of Blood-Borne and Sexually Transmitted Viral Infections in Incarcerated Youth in Salvador, Brazil: Opportunity and Obligation for Intervention|
|Other Titles: ||AIDS AND BEHAVIOR|
|Authors: ||Fialho, Margaret|
|Keywords: ||Sexually transmitted infections;HIV;STI;Incarcerated youth;Brazil;Blood-borne infections|
|Issue Date: ||2008|
|Abstract: ||To determine the prevalence of sexually
transmitted and blood-borne infections among incarcerated adolescents in Salvador, Brazil, we interviewed 300 incarcerated youth aged 11–18 years to participate in a
physical examination and to provide a blood sample to test for HIV-1, hepatitis B and C viruses exposure, human T-cells lymphotrophic virus, and syphilis. Overall prevalence was anti-HIV, 0.34%; anti-HBc, 11.1%; HBsAg, 2.4%; anti-HCV, 6.4%; HTLV, 1.09%; and syphilis, 3.4%. The majority (86.3%) reported a history of sexual activity; 27% had never used condoms. Girls also reported previous pregnancy (35%), abortion (26%) and sexual abuse (74%).
Many youth reported a family history of alcohol abuse (56%), illicit drug use (24.7%), or legal problems (38%).
Serological results show that youth in Salvador are at high risk for blood-borne and sexually transmitted infections.
Policies to reduce the risk and impact of these infections should be a requisite part of health care for incarcerated youth.|
|Description: ||Acesso restrito: Texto completo. p. S17-S24|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (Medicina)|
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