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|Title: ||Cross-sectional serological study of canine Leishmania infection in Fortaleza, Ceara´ state, Brazil|
|Other Titles: ||Veterinary Parasitology|
|Authors: ||Rondon, F. C. M.|
Bevilaqua, C. M. L.
Franke, C. R.
Barros, R. S.
Oliveira, F. R.
Alcântara, Adriano Costa de
Diniz, A. T.
|Keywords: ||Leishmania;Seroprevalence;Risk factors;Visceral leishmaniasis;Northeastern Brazil|
|Issue Date: ||2008|
|Abstract: ||Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is one of the most important reemerging parasitic disease in the world. The domestic dog is the main
reservoir in urban environments. The aim of this work was to extend the knowledge on canine Leishmania infection in the city of
Fortaleza in northeastern Brazil, identifying the risk factors inherent in dog susceptibility to the infection. Two populations were analyzed, domestic dogs from clinics and the Veterinary Hospital Unit of Ceara´ State University and stray dogs captured by the Center for Zoonosis Control in Fortaleza. Blood samples were collected and centrifuged and the sera were stored at 20 8C. ELISA,with soluble crude Leishmania chagasi antigens (LTCC – WDCM731) was used for diagnosis. A total of 1381 samples were tested,750 from domestic and 631 from stray dogs. The seroprevalence of canine VL was 21.4% (135/631) in stray dogs and 26.2% (197/750) in domestic dogs. The seroprevalence of Leishmania infection in the six administrative regions of the city (Secretarias Executivas Regionais, or SER) among stray dogs was highest in SER V, representing 31.4% of the cases, with large dogs more infected (27.7%). Among domestic dogs Leishmania infection was most prevalent in SERV (38.5%) and VI (37.6%). The dogs’ age
(1–6 years), large size, environment with dense vegetation and presence of clinical signs compatible with Leishmania infection were associated with the illness in domestic dogs. The frequency of the infection varied seasonally. The seroprevalence was greatest in July and December. These results confirm Fortaleza is an endemic area for canine VL and suggest some variables associated with
increasing infection risk in dog populations.
# 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Description: ||Acesso restrito: Texto completo. p. 24-31|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (EMV)|
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