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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/5475

Title: Chemical composition determination of complex organicaqueous mixtures of alcohols, acetone, acetonitrile, hydrocarbons and water by nearinfrared spectroscopy
Other Titles: Vibrational Spectroscopy
Authors: Rebouças, Márcio das Virgens
Brandão, Denise Sousa
Trindade, Alex
Pimentel, Maria Fernanda
Teixeira, Leonardo Sena Gomes
Keywords: regression;Isoprene;Near infrared;Principal component analysis;Partial leastsquares;Organic solvent
Issue Date: 2011
Abstract: Nearinfrared spectroscopy (NIRS) combined with chemometric techniques has provided fast and precise methods for quality control in the petrochemical industry. In the present work, NIRS multivariate models were used to predict the chemical composition of an organicaqueous solvent used in an isoprene production plant. The models were developed to predict the mass percent concentration of the components present in the solvent, namely water, acetonitrile, acetone, npropanol, ipropanol, tbutanol, allyl alcohol and 1,3dicyclopentadiene (DCPD) plus codimers. Each component concentration was estimated from FTNIR spectra within the 7300–3900cm−1 region, using the whole range or only selected regions. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used for exploratory data analysis and partial leastsquares models were employed for calibration based on at least 70 samples. The models’ accuracy, in terms of deviation from the primary method (gas chromatography) results, was also confirmed using external validation sets and expressed by the standard error of prediction (SEP) which ranged from 0.18 to 1.27% (w/w). Therefore, the feasibility of performing the chemical composition analysis required for process control of the isoprene unit solvent has been demonstrated. The simple and fast procedure, based on a single NIR spectrum, was able to differentiate between spectroscopic features of water, hydrocarbons, alcohols, ketones and nitrile compounds present in a complex organicaqueous sample.
Description: texto completo: acesso restrito. p. 172–182
URI: http://www.repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/5475
ISSN: 0924-2031
Appears in Collections:Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (Quimica)

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