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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/5262

Title: Can spleen aspirations be safely used for the parasitological diagnosis of canine visceral leishmaniosis? A study on assymptomatic and polysymptomatic animals
Other Titles: The Veterinary Journal
Authors: Melo, Stella Maria Barrouin
Larangeira, Daniela Farias
Andrade Filho, Fernando Antônio de
Trigo, Joelma
Julião, Fred da Silva
Franke, Carlos Roberto
Aguiar, Paulo Henrique Palis
Santos, Washington Luis Conrado dos
Carvalho, Lain Carlos Pontes de
Keywords: Dog;Leishmaniosis;Parasitological diagnosis;Spleen aspiration;Leishmaniasis
Issue Date: 2006
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety of spleen aspiration as a sampling technique for the parasitological detection by culture and microscopy of Leishmania (chagasi) infantum. Two hundred and nine domiciled dogs from an endemic area for visceral leishmaniasis in Bahia State, Brazil, were studied. Most dogs (87%) were seropositive for anti-L. chagasi antibodies by ELISA. Clinical signs of disease were recorded and the animals monitored during and after spleen puncture in order to detect possible complications associated with the procedure. From a total of 257 splenic punctures in the 209 animals, only three minor events occurred, with no significant consequence for the animals and no association with risk factors. Leishmania was isolated from 149/180 (83%) seropositive dogs, and from 6/26 (23%) seronegative animals. The procedure did not cause adverse side effects or unnecessary suffering and confirmed the diagnosis in a large percentage of dogs. We conclude that spleen aspiration can be considered an effective and safe procedure for the definitive diagnosis of canine visceral leishmaniosis.
Description: p. 331–339
URI: http://www.repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/5262
ISSN: 1090-0233
Appears in Collections:Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (EMV)

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