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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/4850

Title: The flavonoid rutin induces astrocyte and microglia activation and regulates TNF-alpha and NO release in primary glial cell cultures
Other Titles: Cell Biology and Toxicology
Authors: Silva, Ana Rita
Pinheiro, Alexandre Moraes
Souza, Cleide dos Santos
Freitas, Sandra Regina Villas Bôas de
Vasconcellos, V.
Freire, Songeli Menezes
Velozo, Eudes da Silva
Tardy, Marcienne Bloch
El-Bachá, Ramon dos Santos
Costa, Maria de Fátima Dias
Costa, Silvia Lima
Keywords: Astrocyte;Flavonoid;Microglia;NO;Rutin;TNF-α
Issue Date: 2008
Abstract: Astrocyte and microglia cells play an important role in the central nervous system (CNS). They react to various external aggressions by becoming reactive and releasing neurotrophic and/or neurotoxic factors. Rutin is a flavonoid found in many plants and has been shown to have some biological activities, but its direct effects on cells of the CNS have not been well studied. To investigate its potential effects on CNS glial cells, we used both astrocyte primary cultures and astrocyte/microglia mixed primary cell cultures derived from newborn rat cortical brain. The cultures were treated for 24 h with rutin (50 or 100 μmol/L) or vehicle (0.5% dimethyl sulfoxide). Mitochondrial function on glial cells was not evidenced by the MTT test. However, an increased lactate dehydrogenase activity was detected in the culture medium of both culture systems when treated with 100 μmol/L rutin, suggesting loss of cell membrane integrity. Astrocytes exposed to 50 μmol/L rutin became reactive as revealed by glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) overexpression and showed a star-like phenotype revealed by Rosenfeld’s staining. The number of activated microglia expressing OX-42 increased in the presence of rutin. A significant increase of nitric oxide (NO) was observed only in mixed cultures exposed to 100 μmol/L rutin. Enhanced TNFα release was observed in astrocyte primary cultures treated with 100 μmol/L rutin and in mixed primary cultures treated with 50 and 100 μmol/L, suggesting different sensitivity of both activated cell types. These results demonstrated that rutin affects astrocytes and microglial cells in culture and has the capacity to induce NO and TNFα production in these cells. Hence, the impact of these effects on neurons in vitro and in vivo needs to be studied.
Description: p. 75–86
URI: http://www.repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/4850
ISSN: 1573-6822
Appears in Collections:Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (ICS)

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