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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/18233

Title: Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among HIV-infected women in Brazil
Other Titles: Braz J Infect Dis.
Authors: Travassos, Ana Gabriela Álvares
Brites, Carlos
M. Netto, Eduardo
Fernandes, Sheyla de Almeida
Rutherford, George W.
Queiroz, Conceição Maria
Keywords: HIV;Sexually transmitted infections;Pregnancy;Prevalence
Issue Date: 2012
Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and associated risk factors in HIV-infected pregnant women followed for prenatal care in Salvador, Bahia. This was a cross-sectional study of 63 women seeking prenatal care at a reference center. Participants were interviewed regarding socio-epidemiological and clinical history, and were tested for HBsAg, anti-HCV, anti HTLV I/II, VDRL, Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma urealyticum, CD4 count, and HIV plasma viral load. The main outcome variable was the presence of any STI. The mean age of patients was 28.2 years (16-40 years). 23 (36.5%) were diagnosed with at least one STI. The frequency of diagnoses was: HBV, 3.2%; HCV, 8.1%; HTLV I/II, 3.4%; syphilis, 9.5%; Chlamydia trachomatis, 11.1%; HPV, 15.0%; Mycoplasma hominis, 2.1%, and Ureaplasma urealyticum, 2.1%. No case of Neisseria gonorrhoeae was identified. No association was found between socio-epidemiological variables and the presence of an STI. CD4 T lymphocyte < 500 cells/μL (p = 0.047) and plasma viral load >1,000 copies (p = 0.027) were associated with the presence of STI. STIs are frequent in pregnant women infected with HIV, and all HIV-infected pregnant women should be screened to decrease transmission of these pathogens and to protect their own health.
Description: Texto completo: acesso restrito. p. 581–585
URI: http://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/18233
ISSN: 0022-1899
Appears in Collections:Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (Medicina)

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