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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/15096

Title: Evaluation of the effects of metals on biodegradation of total petroleum hydrocarbons
Other Titles: Microchemical Journal
Authors: Moreira, Icaro T. A.
Oliveira, Olívia Maria Cordeiro de
Triguis, Jorge Alberto
Queiroz, Antônio Fernando de Souza
Barbosa, Ronaldo Montenegro
Anjos, José Angelo Sebastião Araújo dos
Reyes, Claudia Y.
Silva, Carine S.
Trindade, Maria C. L. F.
Rios, Mariana C.
Keywords: Phytoremediation;Toxic metals;Total petroleum hydrocarbons;Biodegradation;Mangrove sediments
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: In the present paper, the efficiency of biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons in the presence of metals in mangroves sediments was evaluated. Two models of remediation (intrinsic bioremediation and phytoremediation) were tested. The metals (Al, Fe, Pb, Cr, Cu, Zn and Ni) were determined employing Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (FAAS). The total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs) were analyzed using Gas Cromatograph with Flame Iron Detector (GC-FID). The physical–chemical parameters were monitored for a 90-day period at the pilot scale. The results showed that both techniques were effective at degrading the organic compounds in oil, with phytoremediation (Rizophora mangle) being the most efficient (87% removal). It was also observed that the biodegradation model of intrinsic bioremediation did not have a direct correlation with the concentrations of metals; however, a positive correlation with some metals (Cu, Zn, Cr, Ni) for the model with phytoremediation was verified with the removal of hydrocarbons, showing efficiency at phytoextraction and phytostimulation. The results suggest that red mangroves, through their rhizosphere mechanisms are a promising plant that can be used for the removal of petroleum hydrocarbons in the presence of metals in mangrove sediments.
Description: Texto completo: acesso restrito. p. 215–220
URI: http://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/15096
ISSN: 0026-265X
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