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|Title: ||On-line simultaneous pre-concentration procedure for the determination of cadmium and lead in drinking water employing sequential multi-element flame atomic absorption spectrometry|
|Other Titles: ||International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry|
|Authors: ||Santos, João Victor da Silva|
Silva, O. B.
Araújo, André S.
Lemos, Valfredo Azevedo
Ferreira, Sergio Luis Costa
Santos, Walter Nei Lopes dos
|Keywords: ||On-line pre-concentration;Sequential determination,;Cadmium lead;Drinking water;Flame atomic absorption spectrometry|
|Issue Date: ||2011|
|Abstract: ||An on-line pre-concentration system for the sequential determination of cadmium and lead in drinking water by using fast sequential flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FS-FAAS) is proposed in this paper. Two minicolums of polyurethane foam loaded with 2-(6-methyl-2-benzothiazolylazo)-orcinol (Me-BTAO) were used as sorptive pre-concentration media for cadmium and lead. The analytical procedure involves the quantitative uptake of both analyte species by on-column chelation with Me-BTAO during sample loading followed by sequential elution of the analytes with 1.0 mol L−1 hydrochloric acid and determination by FS-FAAS. The optimisation of the entire analytical procedure was performed using a Box–Behnken multivariate design utilising the sampling flow rate, sample pH and buffer concentration as experimental variables. The proposed flow-based method featured detection limits (3σ) of 0.08 and 0.51 µg L−1 for cadmium and lead, respectively, precision expressed as relative standard deviation (RSD) of 1.63% and 3.87% (n = 7) for cadmium at the 2.0 µg L−1 and 10.0 µg L−1 levels, respectively, and RSD of 6.34% and 3.26% (n = 7) for lead at the 5.0 µg L−1 and 30.0 µg L−1 levels, respectively. The enrichment factors achieved were 38.6 and 30.0 for cadmium and lead, respectively, using a sample volume of 10.0 mL. The sampling frequency was 45 samples per hour. The accuracy was confirmed by analysis of a certified reference material, namely, SRM 1643d (Trace elements in natural water). The optimised method was applied to the determination of cadmium and lead in drinking water samples collected in Santo Amaro da Purificação City, Bahia, Brazil.|
|Description: ||Texto completo: acesso restrito. p. 1425-1435|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (Quimica)|
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