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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/14468

Title: Determination of lead in sediments and sewage sludge by on-line hydride-generation axial-view inductively-coupled plasma optical-emission spectrometry using slurry sampling
Other Titles: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Authors: Santos, Eder José dos
Herrmann, Amanda Beatriz
Frescura, Vera Lúcia Azzolin
Welz, Bernhard
Curtius, Adilson José
Keywords: Pb;ICP–OES;Slurry sampling;Hydride generation;Sludge and sediments
Issue Date: 2007
Abstract: Among the “traditional” hydride-forming elements, lead is probably the most difficult, and its determination in this form has rarely been reported in the literature. In this paper a simple and rapid method, axial-view inductively-coupled plasma optical-emission spectrometry using on-line hydride generation (HG–ICP–OES) from samples prepared as slurry, is proposed for determination of lead in environmental samples. The samples (20–50 mg, particle size ≤120 μm) were treated with 1 mL aqua regia in a 40-kHz ultrasonic bath for 60 min. The slurry was diluted to a final volume of 50 mL with a 10% m/v solution of (NH4)2S2O8. The concentrations of NaBH4, tartaric acid, and (NH4)2S2O8, used for on-line plumbane generation were optimized by means of a complete factorial analysis applied to an aqueous standard solution and to the slurry of a sediment certified reference material (CRM). External calibration against aqueous standards in the concentration range 10–100 μg L−1 was used for analysis of six CRM—three marine sediments, one river sediment, and two sewage sludges. Analysis of the filtered slurry showed that Pb was only partially extracted into the liquid phase. Several major concomitants tested did not affect the Pb signal. The detection limit (3s, n = 10) for 20 mg sample in a final volume of 50 mL was 5.0 μg g−1. Tin was the only other hydride-forming analyte that could be determined satisfactorily with Pb; for tin the detection limit was 1.0 μg g−1. The values obtained for Pb and Sn were not significantly different from the certified concentrations, according to the t-test at the 95% confidence level. Nine river sediments collected locally were also analyzed and the concentrations were in agreement with results obtained after total digestion.
Description: Texto completo: acesso restrito. p. 863-868
URI: http://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/14468
ISSN: 1618-2642
Appears in Collections:Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (Quimica)

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