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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/14396

Title: Use of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide as surfactant for the determination of copper and chromium in gasoline emulsions by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry
Other Titles: Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy
Authors: Santos, Denilson S. S. dos
Teixeira, Alete Paixão
Barbosa, José Tiago Pereira
Ferreira, Sergio Luis Costa
Korn, Maria das Graças Andrade
Teixeira, Leonardo Sena Gomes
Keywords: Gasoline;Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide;Copper;Chromium;Oil-in-water emulsions
Issue Date: 2007
Abstract: In this work, the use of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide as surfactant for the preparation of oil-in-water emulsions for the determination of Cu and Cr in gasoline by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry (ET AAS) was evaluated. The surfactant amount was tested in the range of 25 to 300 mg, added to 2 ml of gasoline, and completed to 10 mL with 0.1% (v/v) nitric acid solution. 150 mg of surfactant was found optimum, and a sonication time of 10 min sufficient to form an oil-in-water emulsion that was stable for several hours. The ET AAS temperature program was established based on pyrolysis and atomization curves. The pyrolysis temperatures were set at 700 and 1300 °C for Cu and Cr, respectively and the selected atomization temperatures were 2400 and 2500 °C. The time and temperature of the drying stage and the atomization time were experimentally tested to provide optimum conditions. The limits of detection were found to be 5 μg L− 1 and 1.5 μg L− 1 for Cu and Cr, respectively in the original gasoline samples. The relative standard deviation (RSD) ranged from 4 to 9% in oil-in-water emulsions spiked with 5 μg L− 1 and 15 μg L− 1 of each metal, respectively. Recoveries varied from 90 to 98%. The accuracy of the proposed method was tested by an alternate procedure using complete evaporation of the gasoline sample. The method was adequate for the determination of Cu and Cr in gasoline samples collected from different gas stations in Salvador, BA, Brazil.
Description: Texto completo: acesso restrito. p. 1072-1077
URI: http://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/14396
ISSN: 0584-8547
Appears in Collections:Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (Quimica)

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