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|Title: ||Associação entre Peso de Nascimento e Fatores de Risco Cardiovascular em Adolescentes|
|Other Titles: ||Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia|
|Authors: ||Sousa, Maria Amenaide Carvalho Alves de|
Guimarães, Isabel Cristina Britto
Daltro, Carla Hilário da Cunha
Guimarães, Armênio Costa
|Keywords: ||birth weight;risk factors;adolescent;obesity;arterial pressure;metabolic syndrome|
|Issue Date: ||2013|
|Publisher: ||Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia|
|Abstract: ||Background: Birth weight (BW) is a medium- and long-term risk determinant of cardiovascular risk factors.
Objective: To assess the association between BW and cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents of the city of Salvador, Bahia state.
Methods: Cross-sectional study with comparison of BW groups. Sample comprising 250 adolescents classified according to the BMI as follows:
high-normal (≥ 50th percentile and < 85th percentile); overweight (≥ 85th percentile and < 95th percentile); and obesity (≥ 95th percentile).
The risk variables compared were as follows: waist circumference (WC); arterial blood pressure; lipid profile; glycemia; serum insulin; HOMA-IR;
and metabolic syndrome. The BW was informed by parents and classified as follows: low (BW ≤ 2,500g); normal (BW > 2,500g and < 4,000g);
and high (BW ≥ 4,000g).
Results: One hundred and fifty-three (61.2%) girls, age 13.74 ± 2.03 years, normal BW 80.8%, low BW 8.0%, and high BW 11.2%.
The high BW group as compared with the normal BW group showed a higher frequency of obesity (42.9%, p=0.005), elevated SBP and
DBP (42.9%, p=0.000 and 35.7%, p=0.007, respectively), and metabolic syndrome (46.4%, p=0.002). High BW adolescents as compared
with normal BW adolescents had a prevalence ratio for high SBP 3.3 (95% CI: 1.7-6.4) and obesity 2.6 (95% CI: 1.3-5.2). The WC of high BW
adolescents was 83.3 ± 10.1 (p=0.038). The lipid profile showed no statistically significant differences.
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that obesity, elevated SBP and DBP, and metabolic syndrome during adolescence might be associated with
high BW. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2013;101(1):9-17)|
|Description: ||p. 9-17|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (Medicina)|
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