Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.ufba.br/handle/ri/6124
metadata.dc.type: Artigo de Periódico
Title: Determination of total arsenic and arsenic (III) in phosphate fertilizers and phosphate rocks by HG-AAS after multivariate optimization based on Box-Behnken design
Other Titles: Talanta
Authors: Macedo, Samuel Marques
Jesus, Raildo M. de
Garcia, Karina S.
Hatje, Vanessa
Queiroz, Antônio Fernando de Souza
Ferreira, Sergio Luis Costa
metadata.dc.creator: Macedo, Samuel Marques
Jesus, Raildo M. de
Garcia, Karina S.
Hatje, Vanessa
Queiroz, Antônio Fernando de Souza
Ferreira, Sergio Luis Costa
Abstract: In the present paper, a procedure for the determination of total arsenic and arsenic (III) in phosphate fertilizers and phosphate rocks by slurry sampling (SS) with hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry (HG-AAS) is proposed. Arsenic (III) is determinated directly and total arsenic is determinated after reduction reaction. The procedure was optimized for the flow rate of NaBH4, NaBH4 and hydrochloric acid concentrations using a full two-level factorial and also a Box-Behnken design. Slurry preparation with hydrochloric acid in an ultrasonic bath allowed the determination of arsenic (III) with limits of detection and quantification of 0.1 and 0.3 μg L−1, respectively. The precision of results, expressed as relative standard deviation (RSD), was always lower than 3%. The accuracy of this method was confirmed by analysis of certified sediment reference materials, while the procedure also allows for calibration using aqueous external standards. This method (SS/HG-AAS) was used to determine total arsenic and arsenic (III) in two phosphate rock samples and two phosphate fertilizer samples. In these samples, total arsenic concentrations varied from 5.2 to 20.0 mg kg−1, while As (III) concentrations varied from 2.1 to 5.5 mg kg−1, in agreement with published values. All samples were also analyzed using acid digestion/HG-AAS. Both, a paired t-test and a linear regression model demonstrated no significant difference (95% CL) between the results obtained using these two sample preparation procedures.
Keywords: Multivariate optimization
Slurry sampling
Phosphate rocks
Phosphate fertilizers
Arsenic
Hydride generation
Atomic absorption spectrometry
Publisher: Elsevier
URI: http://www.repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/6124
Issue Date: 15-Dec-2009
Appears in Collections:Artigo Publicado em Periódico (Química)

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