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metadata.dc.type: Artigo de Periódico
Title: Brazilian Mothers' Beliefs About Child-Rearing Practices
Other Titles: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Authors: Vieira, Mauro Luis
Moura, Maria Lucia Seidl de
Lordelo, Eulina da Rocha
Piccinini, Cesar Augusto
Martins, Gabriela Dal Forno
Abstract: Mothers’ beliefs about their practices in different Brazilian contexts were investigated in this study. A sample of 350 primiparous Brazilian mothers from seven cities, each from one of the five geographic regions of the country, participated in this study. As part of a major project, mothers answered an inventory concerning their beliefs about practices of child care and a sociodemographic questionnaire. Factorial analysis revealed three factors, named Proper Presentation (the importance mothers attribute to parental practices oriented by socially accepted daily rules), Stimulation (the importance attributed by mothers to practices that stimulate their children’s development), and Responsiveness and Bonding (the importance attributed by mothers to the immediate responses to children’s needs and to a bond of intense proximity and protection). The sample studied valued most Proper Presentation, followed by Stimulation. Less importance was attributed to Responsiveness and Bonding. Mothers’ educational level was a predictor of scores on Stimulation, and fathers’ educational level was a predictor of scores on Proper Presentation. Some regional differences were identified regarding Proper Presentation. A general model that encompasses aspects of socialization for group interaction and also cognitive and social stimulation seems to be shared by mothers of the different geographic regions of the country. This model is influenced by educational level and cultural conditions. Future studies need to address the development of instruments to analyze Brazilian parental cultural models and the implications of these models to children’s development.
Keywords: maternal beliefs
cultural models
child rearing
Publisher: SAGE
Issue Date: 2010
Appears in Collections:Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (PSI)

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