Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
metadata.dc.type: Artigo de Periódico
Title: Prevalence of behavior problems and associated factors in preschool children from the city of Salvador, state of Bahia, Brazil
Other Titles: Rev. Bras. Psiquiatr.
Authors: Santos, Letícia Marques dos
Queirós, Fernanda Costa de
Barreto, Mauricio Lima
Santos, Darci Neves dos
metadata.dc.creator: Santos, Letícia Marques dos
Queirós, Fernanda Costa de
Barreto, Mauricio Lima
Santos, Darci Neves dos
Abstract: Objective: To identify the prevalence of internalizing and externalizing behavior problems among preschoolers from the city of Salvador, state of Bahia, Brazil, and their associations with maternal mental health and family characteristics. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 349 children aged 49 to 72 months, randomly selected from 20,000 households representing the range of socioeconomic and environmental conditions in Salvador. In 1999, we assessed sciodemographic variables and family environment characteristics. In 2001, we used the Child Behavior Checklist to measure and describe the frequencies of behavior problems. We conducted bivariate and multivariate analysis to estimate associations between family and maternal factors and prevalence of behavior problems. Results: The overall prevalence of behavior problems was 23.5%. The prevalence of internalizing problems was 9.7%, and that of externalizing problems, 25.2%. Behavior problems were associated with several maternal mental health variables, namely: presence of at least one psychiatric diagnosis (odds radio [OR] 3.01, 95%CI 1.75-5.18), anxiety disorder (OR 2.06, 95%CI 1.20-3.46), affective disorder (OR 2.10, 95%CI 1.21-3.65), and mental health disorders due to use of psychoactive substances (OR 2.31, 95%CI 1.18-4.55). Conclusion: The observed prevalence of child behavior problems fell within the range reported in previous studies. Maternal mental health is an important risk factor for behavior problems in preschool-aged children.
Keywords: Child psychiatry
Mood disorders
Women Brasil
Publisher: Associacao Brasileira de Psiquiatria
metadata.dc.rights: Acesso Aberto
Issue Date: 2015
Appears in Collections:Artigo Publicado em Periódico Nacional (ISC)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Art Per Nac. Darci Santos. 2015.pdf70,78 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.