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dc.contributor.authorAlmeida, Paulo Fernando de-
dc.contributor.authorMoreira, R. S.-
dc.contributor.authorAlmeida, Rogeria Comastri de Castro-
dc.contributor.authorGuimarães, A. K.-
dc.contributor.authorCarvalho, A. S.-
dc.contributor.authorQuintella, Cristina Maria Assis Lopes Tavares da Mata Hermida-
dc.contributor.authorEsperidião, Maria Cecília Azevedo-
dc.contributor.authorTaft, C. A.-
dc.creatorAlmeida, Paulo Fernando de-
dc.creatorMoreira, R. S.-
dc.creatorAlmeida, Rogeria Comastri de Castro-
dc.creatorGuimarães, A. K.-
dc.creatorCarvalho, A. S.-
dc.creatorQuintella, Cristina Maria Assis Lopes Tavares da Mata Hermida-
dc.creatorEsperidião, Maria Cecília Azevedo-
dc.creatorTaft, C. A.-
dc.descriptionTexto completo: acesso restrito. p. 319–325pt_BR
dc.description.abstractMicrobial enhanced oil recovery (Meor) is an incontestably efficient alternative to improve oil recovery, especially in mature fields and in oil reservoirs with high paraffinic content. This is the case for most oil fields in the Recôncavo basin of Bahia, Brazil. Given the diverse conditions of most oil fields, an approach to apply Meor technology should consider primarily: (i) microbiological studies to select the appropriate microorganisms and (ii) mobilization of oil in laboratory experiments before oil field application. A total of 163 bacterial strains, selectively isolated from various sources, were studied to determine their potential to be used in Meor. A laboratory microbial screening based on physiological and metabolic profiles and growth rates under conditions representative for oil fields and reservoirs revealed that 10 bacterial strains identified as Pseudomonas aeruginosa (2), Bacillus licheniformis (2), Bacillus brevis (1), Bacillus polymyxa (1), Micrococcus varians (1), Micrococcus sp. (1), and two Vibrio species demonstrated potential to be used in oil recovery. Strains of B. licheniformis and B. polymyxa produced the most active surfactants and proved to be the most anaerobic and thermotolerant among the selected bacteria. Micrococcus and B. brevis were the most salt-tolerant and polymer producing bacteria, respectively, whereas Vibrio sp. and B. polymyxa strains were the most gas-producing bacteria. Three bacterial consortia were prepared with a mixture of bacteria that showed metabolic and technological complementarity and the ability to grow at a wide range of temperatures and salinity characteristics for the oil fields in Bahia, Brazil. Oil mobilization rates in laboratory column experiments using the three consortia of bacteria varied from 11.2 to 18.3 % [v/v] of the total oil under static conditions. Consortia of B. brevis, B. icheniformis and B. polymyxa exhibited the best oil mobilization rates. Using these consortia under anaerobic conditions could be an interesting alternative for Meor technology because their growth could be easily controlled through the administration of phosphate and inorganic electron acceptors. Bacterial strains selected in this work could be valuable for further application in oil recovery at productive and mature oil well sites as well as for the prevention and control of paraffin deposits.pt_BR
dc.rightsAcesso Abertopt_BR
dc.source 10.1002/elsc.200420033pt_BR
dc.subjectMicrobiological phenomenapt_BR
dc.titleSelection and Application of Microorganisms to Improve Oil Recoverypt_BR
dc.title.alternativeEngineering in Life Sciencespt_BR
dc.typeArtigo de Periódicopt_BR
dc.identifier.numberv. 4, n. 4pt_BR
Appears in Collections:Artigo Publicado em Periódico (Escola de Nutrição)

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