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metadata.dc.type: Artigo de Periódico
Title: Self-compatible sympatric Chamaecrista (Leguminosae- Caesalpinioideae) species present different interspecific isolation mechanisms depending on their phylogenetic proximity
Other Titles: Plant Systematics and Evolution
Authors: Costa, Cristiana B. N.
Costa, Jorge A. S.
Queiroz, Luciano Paganucci de
Borba, Eduardo Leite
metadata.dc.creator: Costa, Cristiana B. N.
Costa, Jorge A. S.
Queiroz, Luciano Paganucci de
Borba, Eduardo Leite
Abstract: The mating system of seven sympatric taxa of Chamaecrista occurring in the Chapada Diamantina Mountains, northeastern Brazil, was studied to determine the occurrence of self-incompatibility and interspecific genetic isolation mechanisms within the group. Self- and cross-pollination experiments and inter-taxon bidirectional crosses were performed. All of the populations were selfcompatible and showed high percentages of spontaneous seed abortion on both self- and cross-pollinated fruits. The inter-incompatibility among the taxa of Chamaecrista is directed by different mechanisms depending on their degrees of phylogenetic proximity. In the crosses between closely related taxa (same clade), seed inviability was observed in the crossing pairs C. desvauxii var. graminea 9 C. desvauxii var. latistipula, and C. chapadae 9 C. glaucofilix. Inter-compatibility between species of the same clade occurred in C. blanchetii and C. confertiformis, with the formation of viable seeds. Pre-zygotic gametophytic reproductive isolation was observed among taxa of different clades, without penetration of the pollen tube into the ovule, or post-zygotic isolation through embryo or endosperm inviability, with abortion of the seeds. Interincompatibility represents an important factor in reproductive isolation and thus in the maintenance of the genetic identity of sympatric taxa that flower in synchrony and share pollinators.
Keywords: Campo Rupestre
Post-zygotic barriers
Reproductive isolation
Sympatric species
Publisher: Plant Systematics and Evolution
metadata.dc.rights: Acesso Aberto
Issue Date: 2013
Appears in Collections:Artigo Publicado em Periódico (IGEO)

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