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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/7751

Title: Variations of the Amazonian rainforest environment: a sedimentological record covering 30,000 years
Other Titles: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
Authors: Sifeddine, Abdelfettah
Martin, Louis
Turcq, Bruno
Ribeiro, Cecilia Volkmer
Soubiès, François
Cordeiro, Renato Campello
Suguio, Kenitiro
Keywords: Brazil;Rainforest;Carajas;Lacustrine sedimentation;30,000 years;Paleoclimate
Issue Date: 2001
Abstract: Two cores (CSS 2 and CSS 10) were collected from two lakes situated in the Carajas area (6°35′S, 49°30′W) that show different stages of silting up. The results of geochemical and petrographic organic analyses, backed up by 14C radiometric dating, lead to a reconstruction of the variations in the hydrological regime of these lakes over the last 30,000 years. Evidence is revealed for a period of drying up, characterized by a sedimentary hiatus between 22,000 and 13,000 14C years BP, followed by a period of refilling between 13,000 and 11,000 14C years BP. (15,400–12,900 cal years BP). The latter interval is primarily characterized by a mainly clastic sedimentary input rich in quartz, kaolinite and iron hydroxides, leading on to the authigenic formation of siderite. This type of sedimentation implies the erosion of the small catchment basin during periods of transition between arid and humid climatic regimes. From 8000 to 4000 14C years BP (8900–4500 cal years BP), as well as from 2700 to 1500 14C years BP (2780–1360 cal years BP), special hydrological conditions prevailed. They are characterized in the sedimentary record by the presence of micro-laminae containing wood charcoal interlayered with sponge spicule material. This interlamination reflects the rapid alternation of dry and humid periods. A comparison with the results obtained by pollen analysis shows that sedimentological indicators, once filtered for strictly local effects, can provide a full record of the regional-scale variations in the environment.
Description: Texto completo: acesso restrito. p. 221–235
URI: http://www.repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/7751
ISSN: 0031-0182
Appears in Collections:Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (IGEO)

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