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Title: Optimisation of focused-microwave assisted digestion procedure for Kjeldahl nitrogen determination in bean samples by factorial design and Doehlert design
Other Titles: Talanta
Authors: Korn, Maria das Graças Andrade
Santos, Wagna P. C. dos
Korn, Mauro
Ferreira, Sergio Luis Costa
Keywords: Kjeldahl nitrogen determination;Focused-microwave;Doehlert design
Issue Date: 15-Feb-2005
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: In the present paper a focused-microwave Kjeldahl digestion procedure without metal catalyst for nitrogen determination in bean samples was developed. Temperature at which the decomposition plateau occurs, mass of potassium sulphate and either volume of sulphuric acid or hydrogen peroxide were optimised. Results of the two-level full factorial design (24) based on an analysis of variance demonstrated that only the decomposition plateau temperature and the sulphuric acid volume were statistically significant. Optimal conditions for the digestion of bean samples were obtained by using Doehlert design. The modified digestion procedure of 0.25 g of bean samples has been performed in 27 min at optimised conditions. The accuracy of the developed procedure by the analysis of the two certified reference materials, peach leaves (NIST 1547) and apple leaves (NIST 1515). The t-test applied to the results revealed that they are in agreement (p > 0.05) with the certified values. The precision, expressed as relative standard deviation (R.S.D.) was of 0.96% for four successive Kjeldahl nitrogen determinations. In addition, interlaboratory exercises were performed with several bean samples in reference Brazilian food control laboratory.
Description: Trabalho completo: acesso restrito, p. 710–715
URI: http://www.repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/6605
ISSN: 0039-9140
Appears in Collections:Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (Quimica)

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