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Title: Prediction of vapor–liquid and liquid–liquid equilibria for polymer systems: Comparison of activity coefficient models
Other Titles: Fluid Phase Equilibria
Authors: Costa, Glória Meyberg Nunes
Dias, T.
Cardoso, Manuela Pedra
Guerrieri, Y.
Pessoa, F. L. P.
Melo, Silvio Alexandre Beisl Vieira de
Embiruçu, Marcelo
Keywords: Activity coefficient;Polymer solutions;Phase equilibria
Issue Date: 2008
Abstract: A large number of equations of state and activity coefficient models capable of describing phase equilibria in polymer solutions are available today, but only a few of these models have been applied to different systems. It is therefore useful to investigate the performance of existing thermodynamic models for complex polymer solutions which have not yet been widely studied. The present work studies the application of several activity coefficient models [P.J. Flory, Principles of Polymer Chemistry, Cornell University Press, New York, NY, 1953; T. Oishi, J.M. Prausnitz, Estimation of solvent activities in polymer solutions using a groupcontribution method, Ind. Eng. Chem. Process Design Dev. 17 (1978) 333; H.S. Elbro, A. Fredenslund,P. Rasmussen, A new simple equation for the prediction of solvent activities in polymer solutions, Macromolecules 23 (1990) 4707; G.M. Kontogeorgis, A. Fredenslund, D. Tassios, Simple activity coefficient model for the prediction of solvent activities in polymer solutions, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 32 (1993) 362; C. Chen, A segment-based local composition model for the Gibbs energy of polymer solutions, Fluid Phase Equilib. 83(1993) 301; A. Vetere, Rules for predicting vapor–liquid equilibria of amorphous polymer solutions using a modified Flory–Huggins equation, Fluid Phase Equilib. 97 (1994) 43; C. Qian, S.J. Mumby, B.E. Eichinger, Phase diagrams of binary polymer solutions and blends, Macromolecules 24 (1991) 1655; Y.C. Bae, J.J. Shim, D.S. Soane, J.M. Prausnitz, Representation of vapor–liquid and liquid–liquid equilibria for binary systems containing polymers: applicability of an extended Flory–Huggins equation, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 47 (1993)1193; G. Bogdanic, J. Vidal, A segmental interaction model for liquid–liquid equilibrium calculations for polymer solutions, Fluid Phase Equilibria 173 (2000) 241] and activity coefficient from equations of state[F. Chen, A. Fredenslund, P. Rasmussen, Group-contribution Flory equation of state for vapor–liquid equilibria en mixtures with polymers, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 29 (1990) 875; M.S. High, R.P. Danner, Application of the group contribution lattice—fluids EOS to polymer solutions, AIChE J. 36 (1990) 1625]. The evaluation of these modelswas carried out both at infinite dilution and at finite concentrations and the resultscompared to experimental data. Furthermore, liquid–liquid equilibrium predictions for binary polymer solutions using six activity coefficient models are compared in thiswork. The parameterswere estimated for all the models to achieve the best possible representation of the reported experimental equilibrium behavior
Description: Acesso restrito: Texto completo. p. 140-149
URI: http://www.repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/6149
ISSN: 0378-3812
Appears in Collections:Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (PEI)

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