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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/29677

Title: Body image dissatisfaction and dietary patterns according to nutritional status in adolescents
Authors: Silva, Rita de Cássia Ribeiro
Fiaccone, Rosemeire Leovigildo
Machado, Maria Ester Pereira da Conceição
Ruiz, Ana Santos
Barreto, Maurício Lima
Santana, Mônica Leila Portela de
Keywords: Dietary patterns;Body image dissatisfaction;Adolescents;Body mass index
Issue Date: 27-May-2019
Abstract: Objective: There is a lack of data on the association between body self-perception and eating patterns in Brazil. Thus, this study aimed to explore the relationship between body image dissatisfaction and eating patterns by the anthropometric status in adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 1496 adolescents was conducted. The participants completed the Body Shape Questionnaire. Demographic, anthropometric, and socioeconomic data were collected, as well as information regarding the pubertal development and dietary intake. Logistic regression was performed to evaluate the associations of interest. Results: Body image dissatisfaction was identified in 19.5% of the adolescents. Three dietary patterns were identified: (1) the Western pattern was composed of sweets and sugars, soft drinks, typical dishes, pastries, fast food, beef, milk, and dairy products; (2) the Traditional pattern was composed of oils, chicken, fish, eggs, processed meat products, cereals (rice, cassava flour, pasta, etc.), baked beans, and bread; and (3) the Restrictive pattern was composed of granola, roots, vegetables, and fruit. Among overweight/obese adolescents, the data indicated a negative association of slight body image dissatisfaction (OR: 0.240 [0.100; 0.576])and moderate body image dissatisfaction (OR: 0.235 [0.086; 0.645]) with the Western dietary pattern. Additionally, in this group, there was a positive association between high body image dissatisfaction and the Restrictive pattern (OR: 2.794 [1.178; 6.630]).Conclusion: Amongst overweight/obese adolescents, those with slight and moderate bodyimage dissatisfaction were less likely to follow a Western-like dietary pattern when compa-red with those satisfied with their body image. Additionally, in this group, adolescents withhigh body image dissatisfaction was more likely to follow a restrictive pattern.
URI: http://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/29677
ISSN: 1678-4782
Appears in Collections:Artigos Publicados em Periódicos Nacionais (ISC)

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