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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/2079

Title: Determinants of mild-to-moderate malnutrition in preschoolers in an urban area of Northeastern Brazil: a hierarchical approach
Other Titles: Public Health Nutrition
Authors: Assis, Ana Marlucia de Oliveira
Barreto, Mauricio Lima
Oliveira, Lucivalda Pereira Magalhães de
Oliveira, Valterlinda Alves de
Prado, Matildes da Silva
Gomes, Gecynalda Soares da Silva
Pinheiro, Sandra Maria Conceição
Santos, Nedja Silva dos
Silva, Rita de Cássia Ribeiro da
Sampaio, Lilian Ramos
Santos, Leonor Maria Pacheco
Keywords: Mild-to-moderate malnutrition;Determinants;Preschoolers;Brazil;Hierarchical approach
Issue Date: 6-Jul-2007
Abstract: Objective: To investigate the determinants of mild-to-moderate malnutrition in preschoolers. Design: Cross-sectional study conducted in October and November 1996, with a representative sample of 1740 children less than 5 years old from the city of Salvador, situated in the Brazilian Northeastern region. Socio-economic and dietary data were collected through a structured questionnaire. Anthropometric measures were performed in duplicate and data analysis was based upon the hierarchical model approach. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the prevalence ratio and to identify the determinants of mild-to-moderate deficits in weight-for-age and height-for-age Z-scores. Results: Family monthly income under US$67.00 per capita and family headed by a woman were the main basic determinants of mild-to-moderate weight-for-age and height-for-age deficits in the studied children. Household agglomeration, an underlying determinant, was associated with weight-for-age and height-for-age deficits. Among the immediate determinants, age above 6 months and dietary caloric availability in the lowest tertile (,930 kcal day21) were also associated with weight-for-age deficits. In addition to these, hospitalisation in the 12 months preceding the interview was shown to be a predictor of mild-to-moderate weightfor- age and height-for-age deficits. Conclusion: Adverse social and economic factors interact with family environmental factors to define food consumption and morbidity patterns that culminate in a high prevalence of mild-to-moderate malnutrition. The strengthening and restructuring of nutrition and healthcare actions, the definition of public policies that improve family income, and the adequate insertion of women in the labour market are possible strategies to reduce mild-to-moderate malnutrition and to sustain the decline already observed in severe malnutrition.
Description: p. 387-394
URI: http://www.repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/2079
ISSN: 1475-2727
Appears in Collections:Artigos Publicados em Periódicos Estrangeiros (ISC)

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