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Title: Role of IFN-gamma and LPS on neuron/glial co-cultures infected by Neospora caninum
Authors: Jesus, Erica Etelvina Viana de
Santos, Alex Barbosa dos
Ribeiro, Catia Suse Oliveira
Pinheiro, Alexandre Moraes
Freire, Songeli Menezes
El-Bachá, Ramon dos Santos
Costa, Silvia Lima
Costa, Maria de Fatima Dias
Keywords: Neospora caninum;neuron/glial co-culture;immune response;parasite NO downmodulation;neurite impairment
Issue Date: 27-Oct-2014
Publisher: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Citation: de Jesus et al, 2015
Abstract: Neospora caninum causes cattle abortion and neurological symptoms in dogs. Although infection is usually asymptomatic, classical neurological symptoms of neosporosis may be associated with encephalitis. This parasite can grow in brain endothelial cells without markedly damages, but it can modulate the cellular environment to promote its survival in the brain. In previous studies, we described that IFN-g decreased the parasite proliferation and down regulated nitric oxide (NO) production in astrocyte/microglia cultures. However,it remains unclear how glial cells respond to N. caninum in the presence of neurons. Therefore, we evaluated the effect of 300 IU/mL IFN-gamma or 1.0 mg/mL of LPS on infected rat neuron/glial co-cultures. After 72 h of infection, LPS did not affect the mitochondrial dehydrogenase activity. However, IFN-gamma decreased this parameter by 15.5 and 12.0% in uninfected and infected cells, respectively. The number of tachyzoites decreased 54.1 and 44.3% in cells stimulated with IFN-gamma and LPS, respectively. Infection or LPS treatment did not change NO production. On the other hand, IFN-gamma induced increased nitrite release in 55.7%, but the infection reverted this induction. IL-10 levels increased only in infected cultures (treated or not), meanwhile PGE2 release was improved in IFN-gamma/infected or LPS/infected cells. Although IFN-gamma significantly reduced the neurite length in uninfected cultures (42.64%; p < 0.001), this inflammatory cytokine reverted the impairment of neurite outgrowth induced by the infection (81.39%). The results suggest a neuroprotective potential response of glia to N. caninum infection under IFN-gamma stimulus. This observation contributes to understand the immune mediated mechanisms of neosporosis in central nervous system (CNS).
URI: http://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/20780
ISSN: 1664-8714
Appears in Collections:Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (ICS)

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