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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/19041

Title: Impact of homicide and traffic crashes on life expectancy in the largest Latin American country
Other Titles: J Public Health
Authors: Auger, Nathalie
Le Serbon, Emilie
Rasella, Davide
Pereira, Rosana Aquino Guimarães
Barreto, Mauricio Lima
Keywords: Brazil;Canada;Accidents;Traffic;Homicide;Life Expectancy;Mortality;Violence
Issue Date: Aug-2015
Publisher: University Press
Abstract: Brazil and Canada are on opposite poles of the spectrum for life expectancy in America. We identified factors underlying Brazil's lower life expectancy relative to Canada, with emphasis on the role of injury compared with other major causes. METHODS: We computed life expectancy at birth in Brazil and Canada in 2010 and identified the ages and causes of death responsible for the gap between both countries. The main outcome measure was the contribution of homicide and traffic accidents to the gap, compared with other causes of death. RESULTS: Relative to Canada, life expectancy was lower in Brazil by 8.2 years (men) and 5.2 years (women). Injury lowered life expectancy of men in Brazil by 2.2 years, or more than a quarter of the gap, mainly due to homicide and traffic accidents between ages 20 and 64 years. Homicide and traffic accidents contributed more than all circulatory diseases combined. In women, circulatory disease was the most important cause of lower life expectancy. CONCLUSIONS: In 2010, homicides and traffic accidents were the principal cause for short life expectancy of men in Brazil. Improving life expectancy in Brazil requires addressing the root causes of inequalities that drive illicit drug trade, violence and accidents.
URI: http://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/19041
ISSN: 1741-3850
Appears in Collections:Artigos Publicados em Periódicos Estrangeiros (ISC)

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