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Title: A serological study of Cryptosporidium transmission in a periurban area of a Brazilian Northeastern city
Other Titles: Tropical Medicine and International Health
Authors: Teixeira, M. C. A.
Barreto, Mauricio Lima
Melo, C.
Silva, L. R.
Morais, L. R.
Alcântara-Neves, Neuza Maria
Keywords: Cryptosporidium;seroprevalence;transmission;environmental sanitation measures;water supply
Issue Date: 2007
Abstract: objectives To study the prevalence of Cryptosporidium infection by measuring the levels of anti-Cryptosporidium IgG antibodies among people inhabiting three neighbourhoods of a periurban area of Salvador, Northeast of Brazil; and to investigate the effects of environmental sanitation measures, hygienic habits and household water supply, storage and handling on the frequency of these antibodies in sera of the studied population. methods Cryptosporidium inter-household transmission was studied by comparing the frequency of anti-Cryptosporidium IgG antibodies among people inhabiting areas with or without different environmental sanitation measures and intra-household transmission by comparing the presence of these antibodies in families with or without cases of diarrhoea, associated with the presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts in their stools. Children or family members with diarrhoeal episodes were evaluated parasitologically for Cryptosporidium infection by testing stool specimens with the Ritchie-modified formol-ether concentration and the acid-fast staining methods. All groups were serologically evaluated for parasite exposure by an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. results A statistically significant difference was detected in the prevalence of Cryptosporidium infection between area 1 which had no environmental sanitation measures and area 3 which had improved environmental sanitation measures (P = 0.044). Most of the hygienic habits investigated did not correlate with the presence of anti-Cryptosporidium antibody in sera of the population studied. However, positive associations were found between both poor household water supply (OD = 0.17; 90% CI = 0.09–0.32; P = 0.0001) and drinking unboiled ⁄ unfiltered water (OD = 0.40; 90% CI = 0.24–0.67; P = 0.0002) with high levels of anti-Cryptosporidium antibodies in sera. conclusions These data suggest that although uncorrected household water supply, storage and handling play an important role on Cryptosporidium transmission in periurban areas of developing country cities, like Salvador, Brazil, inadequate environmental conditions may also contribute to the spread of this parasite.
Description: p. 1104-1096. September 2007.
URI: http://www.repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/1787
ISSN: 1360-2276
Appears in Collections:Artigos Publicados em Periódicos Estrangeiros (ISC)
Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (FARMACIA)
Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (Medicina)
Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (Medicina)

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