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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/15591

Title: Factors associated with infection by Neospora caninum in dogs in Brazil
Other Titles: Veterinary Parasitology
Authors: Gondim, Luis Fernando Pita
Sicupira, Patrícia Mara Lopes
Magalhães, Vanessa Carvalho Sampaio de
Galvão, Gideão da Silva
Pereira, Maria Julia Salim
Munhoz, Alexandre Dias
Keywords: Neosporosis;Risk factors;Canines
Issue Date: 2012
Abstract: From August 2006 to 2008, 411 dogs in northeastern Brazil were evaluated for seropositivity to Neospora caninum. The dogs were clinically examined, and their owners were interviewed about the conditions in which the animals were maintained in order to assess the factors associated with infection by this parasite. A serum sample was taken from each dog for serological examination in an indirect fluorescent antibody test for N. caninum. The Yates’ Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test was used to select the variables for the multivariate logistic regression model. Seropositivity was detected in 9.26% of dogs. The seropositivity rates of dogs from different environments were 2.6% (4/156) in urban areas, 13.1% (28/214) in peri-urban areas, and 14.6% (6/41) in rural areas. Factors associated with seropositivity for N. caninum were the following: contact with other dogs, access to food outside the home and residing in the peri-urban or rural environments (p < 0.05). Results of this study confirm that dogs in urban, rural and peri-urban areas of northeastern Brazil are exposed to N. caninum. Control measures to prevent infection of dogs in the studied region should be focused primarily on preventing access to potential sources of infection, which include environments with other dogs, bovines, and other small intermediate hosts, such as birds and rodents.
Description: Texto completo: acesso restrito. p. 305–308
URI: http://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/15591
ISSN: 0304-4017
Appears in Collections:Artigos Publicados em Periódicos (EMV)

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